October in Nepal is arguably the best time of the year to visit the country. With optimal trekking and mountaineering conditions, October is when most tourists flock to Nepal. With little rain, there are promises of spectacular views and moderate temperatures. Not to mention, one of Nepal’s most popular festivals is usually in October making it a great time to experience the culture.
Nepal’s Weather in October
Fall / Peak Season
55-80 F (13-27 C)
Average Days of Rain:
What to expect:
The average daytime temperature around the Kathmandu Valley is 68 F (20 C). In areas like Chitwan, Lumbini, and Bardia, the temperature is usually between 70-80 F with highs of 93 F (33 F). Pokhara has the best weather this time of year with temps between 72 and 84 F (22-28 C). In the mountains, the weather can be cold at night, but it’s usually beautiful during the day making it easy to walk in a t-shirt or light layers.
Trekking in Nepal in October
High Altitude Trekking:
October is arguably the best time of year to go trekking in the Himalayas. Great visibility, moderate temperatures, and little rain create optimal trekking conditions. There’s not much to worry about as far as avalanches and landslides as these are less common this time of year.
Low Altitude Trekking:
Low altitude trekking can be done almost any month of the year in Nepal. With high visibility, October is no exception. Views of the mountains can often be seen from the Kathmandu Valley before 10am. Views from Pokhara and surrounding areas like Sarangkot are also spectacular this time of year.
Tourism in Nepal in October
Unfortunately, great weather comes with great crowds. According to stats from the Nepal Tourism Board, October is the month with the most tourists coming to Nepal. October generally has more than 100,000 people visiting. That’s 6k more than the second most popular month of March and 12k-60k more than any other month! People often complain about the density of trekkers on popular routes, so it’s best to choose off the beaten path adventures this time of year to beat the crowds.
Another downfall to peak season is peak season pricing. Nepal has a scale on pricing that fluctuates throughout the year, and October is the high point. In off season, someone can go paragliding for $40 USD. In peak season, the same flight costs $80. Hotels are at top dollar with no discounts offered and negotiating is more difficult.
There’s not too much to worry about that’s specific to October. Landslides are not very common. Neither are avalanches. October typically only sees a little snowfall this time of year and very little rain. But, conditions in the mountains can change in a second, so it’s best to always check with locals on route.
Nepal is famous for having incredible wildlife including the Bengal tiger, greater one-horned rhino, and gharial crocodiles. October is a great month to see them since there is little rainfall this time of year and the animals must come to the river to drink. Winter is the best time to see wildlife, so visiting at the end of October is better than the beginning.
Best areas to visit:
Pokhara has the best weather out of most of the low altitude destinations, however the mountains are really the place to be this time of year. You can pretty much go anywhere in Nepal in October and the weather will be enjoyable.
Best areas to avoid:
Nowhere. Almost everywhere is great.
Festivals in October
(dates listed are for 2022)
Oct 2nd Dashain – Fulpaati
Oct 3rd Dashain – Maha Ashtami
Maha Ashtami is the 8th day of Dashain which celebrates the fierce goddess Kali. You can see celebrations for this at the Dakshinkali Temple in Pharping. I only recommend this for those who aren’t squeamish as the best way to appease this god is animal sacrifices (typically roosters and male goats).
Oct 4th Dashain – Maha Navami
Maha Navami is the last day to celebrate goddesses in Dashain. In the story of good triumphing over evil, the families of the demons who were destroyed hid inside animal’s bodies in order to escape the goddesses. So, the goddesses had to hunt them. Today, celebrations take place at Hanuman Dhoka in Kathmandu Durbar Square. Hundreds of animals (mostly buffalo) are sacrificed. I’m honestly not on board with sacrifices, but this is the only day of the year when this courtyard is open to the public, so those wishing to see it would need to go on this day.
Oct 5th Dashain – Vijaya Dashami
Vijaya Dashami is the 10th day of Dashain and is a day of blessings within the family. Older family members bless younger members by putting tike (the red dot) on their foreheads, saying a blessing, and wishing them a prosperous and happy year.
Oct 6th Dashain – Ekadashi
Ekadashi celebrates Lord Vishnu. Those who want to see the celebrations can visit one of his shrines. My favorite is the one in Budhanilkantha in Kathmandu.
Oct 7th Dashain – Dwadashi
Dwadashi celebrates the Tulasi tree which is also known as holy basil.
Oct 8th Dashain – Kojagrat Purnima
Kojagrat Purnima is the final day of Dashain. People worship the goddess Laxmi on this day. It’s believed she favors those who stay up all night, so families gather to play cards and celebrate all evening.
Oct 22nd Kaag Tihar
Oct 23rd Kukur Tihar
Kukur Tihar is a day that most westerners find adorable. It’s even made world news. This is the “day of the dogs” where dogs are worshipped as bodyguards and protectors. You’ll see dogs running around with flower garland around their necks, and red tika dots on their foreheads. They also get special treats.
Oct 24th Gai Tihar & Laxmi Puja
Laxmi Puja is the third day of Tihar. It’s a day where locals celebrate cows (gai). Cows are a god in Nepal and are worshipped for giving milk. Today, you can put a flower garland around a cow’s neck, tika on their forehead, and feed them special treats. At night, locals perform a special puja (ceremonial worship) for the goddess Laxmi.
Oct 25th Govardhan Puja
Govardhan Puja is a ritual to worship Shri Krishna. Locals make him vegetarian food as offerings. These rituals are often performed at home with family.
For Newari families, this is also Mha Puja which is the worship of oneself.
Oct 26th Bhai Tika
Bhai Tika is the last day of Tihar and is celebrated by having sisters apply tika to brothers’ foreheads. They also exchange gifts. Something that confused me at first was what people did if they didn’t have sisters or brothers. A “sister”/ “brother” does not need to be a blood relative in Nepal. It’s is a close family friend who is like a sister or brother to you. I’ve heard recently that women sometimes perform this ceremony on each other even though it was traditionally for men.
Oct 30th Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja is a Hindu festival that celebrates the sun and his wife. Most of the rituals are performed with family.
Pros & Cons
- Amazing Trekking Conditions
- Perfect for Peak Climbing or Mountain Climbing
- Wonderful Temperatures
- Little Rainfall
- Wildlife Spotting
- Festival Season
- Many businesses are closed during the Dashain Festival
Packing Essentials for Nepal in October
Bringing a few warm layers for everyday use would be helpful as it gets cool in the evenings. Those going trekking should carry extra warm clothes as nighttime in the mountains is very cold and there’s no heat in the bedrooms of teahouses.
Check out my packing list for Nepal for everything you need year round!
More Monthly Guides for Nepal…
- January in Nepal
- February in Nepal
- March in Nepal
- April in Nepal
- May in Nepal
- June in Nepal
- July in Nepal
- August in Nepal
- September in Nepal
- October in Nepal
- November in Nepal
- December in Nepal
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Michelle Della Giovanna
Writer at Full Time Explorer
I’m just your average New Yorker who quit her job in the fashion industry to explore the world. Come find out what it’s like to trade in five-inch heels for squat toilets.